(Last Updated On: February 16, 2018)
Though it is common to face the feeling of sadness, grief, and sorrow at some point in our lives, depression is a serious condition which needs to be unmasked and knocked out. Sadness and Depression are often confused… It is imperative to know the differences so that one gets to know what exactly they are going through. And take the appropriate measures.
Differences between sadness and depression
The first and foremost difference is that sadness is a temporary feeling.
On the other hand, the feeling of depression is over an extended period, can last even for a lifetime.
Sadness is an emotional pain which is a reaction to situations. The reasons for sadness can be apparently seen. It could be linked to the death of a closed one, financial losses, failures, homesickness, breakups, fight with the best friend, and so on…
Depression is a serious medical illness where one is sad about everything. A situation where everything is fine but the person still feels miserable. Surprisingly, there is no apparent reason for depression. Yes, you read it right. A person can feel depressed without any reason.
A sad person craves for the moments once rejoiced; they miss the activities which used to excite them.
When a person is depressed, nothing seems to pull their interest, not even the things wherein they derived pleasure earlier…
A sad person relates their sadness only to the causes of the sadness… They do not trigger the overthinking mode unnecessarily and attach self-hurting reasons in the process. Hence, the intensity of pain is confined to the reasons for sadness.
A depressed person is already hurt. And so, they get affected by any negative event beyond boundaries. They overthink about it and in the process, find self-hurting reasons which have no relevance to the primary cause. As a result, the intensity of pain is barely bearable.
When one is sad, they don’t lose the ability to feel. And my dear friend, feel is the essence of happiness.
When one is depressed, they gradually lose the ability to feel. They feel less and think more. In extreme stages of depression, one even stops getting affected by anything and everything happening around.
A person feeling sad does not give up on their dreams, aims, goals, and ambitions.
A person feeling depressed does not aspire anything. They do not have any purpose in life.
Generally, a sad person follows the routinary sleep and diet patterns. Even if the pattern gets disturbed, it is for a short time span.
In case of a depressed person, it lasts way longer than that… the person may become an insomniac or sleep all day… Even in case of diet, either they don’t eat at all or keep munching on abnormal quantities and at abnormal timings.
In case of sadness, one does not feel tired and fatigue the whole day, every day. Moreover, the reasons can be attributed to the causes of sadness.
In case of depression, one does not feel like getting out of the bed the entire day, every day. On top of that, the cause of tiredness and fatigue can be linked to literally nothing.
When a person has reasons to feel sad, he will be sad. When the intensity of reasons subsides, the bad mood changes to good mode. Quite a normal phenomenon. A sad person does not surface abnormal mood swings.
In case of a depressed person, again, they might face abnormal mood swings without any apparent reason whatsoever.
A sad person does not necessarily criticise oneself even if they have committed something wrong. Although they might accept their wrong to oneself, they do not accept it in front of everyone. They might put the blame-game on time, people and situations.
A depressed person holds oneself responsible for anything happening wrong. They are always in a self-criticism mode where there is no room for self-love.
Sadness does not necessarily affect the inner-self attributes like self-confidence and self-esteem. It is unlikely that a temporarily low mode is responsible for affecting low inner-self attributes drastically.
On the other hand, depression deeply affects the confidence and esteem of the person concerned. It leads to a negative attitude towards people and situations.
Generally, it is not difficult to get rid of sadness. The person strives to get out of it. They might try to indulge in something else to distract their mood. They at least try to let go the hard times. And in due course, the person escapes from sadness gradually with the drop-down of intensity in the cause of sadness.
It is not the case with depression. The struggle to get rid of it can be intensely difficult. It is because the person depressed finds nothing interesting. The feeling is quite intense than just a low mood. They just don’t know the exit mode. And also, the feeling of depression does not subside on its own. It takes a lot of effort from the individual himself/herself.
The person sad at least knows that they are sad. Even the people around know that a person is sad. It is because others can also see the reasons apparently. Moreover, the sad person expresses and shares their feelings with people. It is because he/she wants to get rid of it as they are not used to feel it.
On the contrary, a depressed person is generally confined to oneself. It is because they might not even realize that they are suffering from it. It is the reason why they face problems in disclosing their feelings to others. The lack of expressing makes their condition even worse. Gradually, they do not do anything to get rid of it. And finally, start assuming it as their destiny.
The thoughts provoked at the time of sadness might be painful but it does not instigate suicidal thoughts.
The thoughts during depression hit so severely that it leads to suicidal thoughts. Frequent suicidal thoughts are the symptoms of depression and if you are feeling it, accept it in front of someone trustworthy…
And here comes the most painful part…
People can recognize the person who is sad by associating the reasons with it… But it is quite difficult to identify a depressed person because the reasons for depression cannot be apparently seen. Adding to the reason, a person depressed does not express and is keen to keep things inside him/her.
Dear friend, it is the prolonged sadness, which leads to depression most of the times… Knock it down before it knocks you down…